Australian Red Meat industry Supply Chain Information Standards

Live export

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When the livestock has completed its feeding regiments, it either is sent to slaughter and then distributed or sent as live export overseas by boat and air transport. Government regulations for live exports are specific and rigid so as to protect the livestock so that the animals arrive in tacked and healthy to their destination. These regulations and standards set Australia apart as one of the best live export exporters in the world, guaranteeing quality and maintaining a high standard of animal care. The live export process is made up of pre-export planning, export and discharge of the animals at their final destination. Pre-export planning includes, government approval for export to export destination, an approved loading plan, vendor declarations, inspections of the vessel by AQIS (Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service), licencing, inspection of animals both by veterinarians, AQIS, and a stock inspector, export approval, and meeting the requirements for both stockman and veterinarian on board. The livestock is prepared for transport, assembled to embark and loaded into the vessel (either ship or plane). Upon arrival, the animals are inspected and signed off for their health before being unloaded.

Live export diagram

Data flow diagrams

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Live export is a complicated process with a number of considerations and inputs to make everything run efficiently and with the cattle's health and wellbeing in mind. * Experts- For the care of the cattle. * Labour- Employees needed. * Vehicles- For transport to the export location. * Vessel- For export. * Feed- For the cattle. * Water- For the cattle. * Drugs- For the cattle in cases of illness. * Fuel- Fuel for travel. * Power- Such as electricity.

Labour- Employees needed. Number of Vehicles- For transport to site. Number of Vessel- For exporting the cattle. Number of Feed- For food for the cattle. Kilograms Water- For the cattle. Litres Drugs- For the cattle. Units Fuel- Fuel for travel. Litres Power- Such as electricity. Various

Successful export- The successful export of the cattle

Successful export- The successful export of cattle- Number of cattle

* Indonesia is the largest market for live export- taking approximately 56% of Australia's total live cattle export. This is 730,257 head. * The second is Vietnam at 181,542 then China 117,906. * The top three largest live exporters in Australia are Darwin (541,077), Townsville (247,047) and Fremantle (136,909).

* Department of Agriculture * Australian Bureau of Agricultural and resource economics * Animal Health Australia * Australian Livestock Transporters Association * Australian Veterinary Association