In order to maximise profits, its important to consider the whole carcass as profitable. Once the primal, sub-primal, trim and food offal is removed (41%), bovine by-product is left. This is made up of the hides (7%), tallow (6%), meat and bone meal (7%), paunch (1%) and pharmaceutical products (4%). The remaining 34% is lost moisture. These co-products add approximately $200 per head.
Data flow diagrams
|Input||Lairage to Render - condemns and dead on arrival/ in pen|
|Input||Slaughter floor to Render - hides/skins|
|Input||Slaughter floor to Render - not fit for human consumption (red bin)|
|Input||Offal room to Render|
|Input||Boning room to Render|
|Input||Carton rework to Render|
|Output||Render (meat/ bone meal) to Render loadout|
|Output||Render (tallow) to Render loadout|
The inputs for by-products has to do with the process of producing, and processing each by-product separately, the tools, machinery and equipment necessary. Labour- Workers need to cut down the carcass and distribute the by-products to the designated location. Tools- Tools such as knives. Machinery- Machinery aids the process, using conveyor belts and mechanised tools. PPE and Facility Hygiene- These might include aprons, cleaning solutions for tools, the environment and the worker. Packaging- To pack the by-products for transport. Water- Water for cleaning. (hot water for sterilization) Consumables- Chemicals used in this process which must be regulation. Cattle Carcass- The carcass must be available for by-products to be removed from it.
Identification- There must be a way for a carcass to be identified as it is broken down and distributed. Workers- Number of worker and hours they are required to work. Number of workers. Number of Hours. Packaging- The amount of packaging required for by-products to be stored and transported. Units of packing materials. Consumables- Containers of approved chemicals for cleaning and food safety. Litres. Water- Water for sanitation and processing- hot water. Litres. Equipment- PPE and facility hygiene- gloves and aprons. Number of items or unit of items.
The output of this process is the production of by-products which can be used, stored, and sold. Hides-Hides are 7% of the total live weight and can be used for leather, collagen and gelatine. Tallow- 6% used for cooking oils and soap. Meat and bone meal- 7% is used for feed and fertilizer. Paunch- Only 1% is Paunch and its used for fertilizer. Pharmaceuticals- 4% is used for pharmaceuticals for a range of products.
All the output- All the output would be measured the same in terms of weight. Kilograms.
* The by-products amount to 34% of the live weight total: * Hides:7% * Tallow:6% * Meat and bone meal:7% * Paunch:1% * Pharmaceutical products:4%
Meat Standards Australia (MSA)
* Australian Meat Council * Australian Meat Processor Corporation * Meat and livestock Australian * MSA